Erastus, Thomas

(1524–83)
   Theologian.
   Erastus was born in Baden, Switzerland. He studied medicine and was appointed to the Chair of Medicine in Heidelberg in 1558. He is remembered for his Explicatio Gravissimae Quaestionis in which he argued that the civil authorities should exercise authority in all matters including the religious. This position came to be known as Erastianism and was elaborated by thinkers such as Richard hooker and Thomas hobbes. The modern Church of England is an example of an Erastian Church – all legislation appertaining to it has to be passed by Parliament.
   J.N. Figgis, ‘Erastus and Erastianism’, Journal of Theological Studies, ii (1901).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

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  • ERASTUS Thomas — Baedâ Helvet. oriundus, Philosophus, et Medicus excellens, inde ad Theologiam quoqueve animum applicuit, sed in materia de Censura Eccl. multorum censuram expertus. Docuit Heidelbergae primum, exin Basileae ubi obiit A. C. 1583. Aet. 60. Seriem… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Erastus, Thomas — ▪ Swiss physician and theologian original name  Thomas Lüber, Lieber, or Liebler   born Sept. 7, 1524, Baden, Switz. died Dec. 31, 1583, Basel  Swiss physician and religious controversialist whose name is preserved in Erastianism, a doctrine of… …   Universalium

  • Erastus,Thomas — E·ras·tus (ĭ răsʹtəs), Thomas. Originally Thomas Lüber or Lieber or Liebler. 1524 1583. Swiss Protestant theologian and philosopher who opposed Calvinism and the use of excommunication as a punishment. * * * …   Universalium

  • Thomas Erastus — Thomas Erastus, eigentlich Lüber (* 7. September 1524 in Baden (Aargau/Schweiz); † 31. Dezember 1583 in Basel), war ein reformierter Theologe aus der Schweiz. Leben Erastus, Sohn armer Landleute, studier …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Erastos — Thomas Erastus Thomas Erastus Thomas Erastus (7 septembre 1524 à Baden 31 décembre 1583 à Bâle) était un médecin et théologien suisse qui soutenait que seul l État détenait une juridiction et que l Église ne pouvait en exercer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erastus — Thomas Erastus Thomas Erastus Thomas Erastus (7 septembre 1524 à Baden 31 décembre 1583 à Bâle) était un médecin et théologien suisse qui soutenait que seul l État détenait une juridiction et que l Église ne pouvait en exercer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Erastus — (7 septembre 1524 à Baden 31 décembre 1583 à Bâle) était un médecin et théologien suisse qui soutenait que seul l État détenait une juridiction et que l Église ne pouvait en exercer. Ses thèses dites érastiennes furen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erastus — Erastus, Thomas, eigentlich Liebler oder Lieber, Theolog und Mediziner, geb. 1524 wahrscheinlich zu Auggen in Baden, 1558 Prof. der Medizin in Heidelberg, seit 1580 in Basel, gest. 1. Jan. 1583, bekämpfte als Naturforscher die Alchimie, verfocht… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thomas Erastus — (September 7, 1524 ndash; December 31, 1583) was a Swiss theologian best known for a posthumously published work in which he argued that the sins of Christians should be punished by the state, and not by the church withholding the sacraments. A… …   Wikipedia

  • Erastus and Erastianism — • The name Erastianism is often used in a somewhat loose sense as denoting an undue subservience of the Church to the State Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Erastus and Erastianism     Erastus and Erastianism …   Catholic encyclopedia

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